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INDIAN ECONOMY: FEATURES AND DEVELOPMENTS PPT
Post: #1

INDIAN ECONOMY: FEATURES AND DEVELOPMENTS



.pptx  INDIAN ECONOMY1.pptx (Size: 459.27 KB / Downloads: 236)

INTRODUCTION

The Economy Of India is the ninth largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth largest by Purchasing Power Parity. The independence-era, Indian economy was inspired by the economy of Soviet Union with socialist practices, large public sectors, high import duties and lesser private participation characterizing it, leading to massive inefficiencies and widespread corruption. However, in 1991, India adopted free market principles and liberalized its economy to international trade. Following these strong economic reforms, the country's economic growth progressed at a rapid pace with very high rates of growth and large increases in the incomes of people.

Beneficial Effects of the Reform Process

Fourth Largest Growing Economy in terms of PPP with a GDP of US $3.36 trillion
In Exchange terms , Tenth Largest in the world with a GDP of US$ 691.87 billion (2004)
Second Fastest Growing Major Economy of the World with a growth rate of 8.1% for the 1stQ of 2005-06

Features

The Indian economy is a developing economy. It’s a mixed economy in the sense that both private sector and public sector coexist and participate in the production process.
It is characterized by high population density and population growth.
About one-third of the population live below poverty line. 'Vicious cycle of poverty' operates in many sectors of the economy.
There is high level of unemployment and underemployment In addition, there is 'disguised unemployment' in the agricultural sector.
The level of technology used in production process is low in many sectors. Modern technology has not been adopted in all sectors of the economy.
There is a shortage of physical and economic infrastructure.

Reason for the highest growth rates in the mid-2000s  

The growth was led primarily due to a :
huge increase in the size of the middle class consumer population(AVERAGE working age being 25)
a large workforce comprising skilled and non-skilled workers(NAREGA scheme)
improvement in education standards(mid-day meal for rural) and considerable foreign investments(FDIs and FIIs).

Major issues of Development

Low per-capita income
Income inequalities
High incidence if poverty
Predominance of agriculture and instability of output
Rapid population growth
High dependency ratio
Low level of human development
Unemployment
Imbalance between population size, resources and capital
Inadequacy of entrepreneurs
Post: #2
please send this in bengali
Post: #3

The economy of India is the sixth largest in the world, measured by nominal GDP and the third by purchasing power parity (PPP). The country is classified as a newly industrialising country, and one of the main economies of the G-20, with an average growth rate of approximately 7% in the last two decades. Maharashtra is the richest Indian state with an annual nominal GDP of $ 330 billion, roughly equivalent to those of Venezuela and the United Arab Emirates, accounting for 13.4% of India's GDP, followed by the states of Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh ($ 150 billion). India's economy became the world's fastest growing economy in the last quarter of 2014, surpassing the People's Republic of China.

The long-term growth prospect of the Indian economy is positive because of its young population, corresponding low dependency ratio, healthy savings and investment rates, and increased integration into the world economy. India's economy has the potential to become the world's third largest economy in the next decade, and one of the two largest economies by the middle of the century. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) described the Indian economy as the "bright spot" on the global scene. India surpassed the growth prospects of the World Bank for the first time in fiscal year 2015-16, during which the economy grew 7.6%. Growth is expected to have declined slightly to 7.1% for fiscal year 2016-17. According to the IMF, India's growth is expected to rebound to 7.2% in fiscal 2017-18 and 7.7% in 2018-19.

India has one of the fastest growing service sectors in the world with an annual growth rate of more than 9% since 2001, which contributed to 57% of GDP in 2012-13. India has become a major exporter of IT services, business process outsourcing (BPO) services and software services with export services worth $ 167 billion in 2013-14. This is the fastest growing part of the economy. The IT industry remains the largest private sector employer in India. India is the third largest startup in the world with more than 3,100 technology start-ups in 2014-15. The agricultural sector is the largest employer in India's economy, but contributes to a decline in its GDP (17% in 2013-14). India ranks second in agricultural production. The industrial sector has maintained a steady share of its economic contribution (26% of GDP in 2013-2014). The Indian automobile industry is one of the largest in the world with an annual output of 21.48 million vehicles (mainly two and three wheels) in 2013-14. India had $ 600 billion retail market by 2015 and one of the fastest growing e-commerce markets in the world.

The two largest stock exchanges in India, the Bombay Stock Exchange and the Indian National Stock Exchange, had a market capitalization of US $ 1.71 trillion and US $ 1.68 trillion in February 2015, Ranked 11 and 12 in the world according to the World Federation of Exchanges. India is also home to the world's third-largest billionaires with 111 billionaires in 2016 and the fourth-largest number of households with a fortune of more than $ 100 million.

India is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, BIMSTEC, the Non-Aligned Movement, the G20, the G8 + 5, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Organization The World Trade Organization, the United Nations, the BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Asian Investment Bank in Infrastructure and the Missile Technology Control Regime.
 

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