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Tags: Region, Junagadh, Wall, Masonary, Used, Materials, Building, Different, Study, Study of Different Building Materials Used In Masonary Wall In Junagadh Region,
 
 
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Study of Different Building Materials Used In Masonary Wall In Junagadh Region
Post: #1

Abstracts: A wide range of building materials is available for the construction of buildings masonry wall. They may be naturally available or man-made. The proper selection of materials to be used in a particular building or structure may influence the original cost of construction, stability, strength, maintenance, ease of cleaning, durability and appearance. The project was carried out for the purpose of having detailed understanding of the compressive strength of masonry wall material like lime stones, bricks and cellular light weight concrete blocks to achieve the objectives stated above, several laboratory testing are conducted. The testing was conducted on the limestone, brick and cellular light weight concrete blocks by universal testing machine (UTM) in accordance with the standard testing methods and the procedure of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The testing was conducted in the Civil engineering wing, Renewable Energy & Rural Engineering Department, C.A.E.T., Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh. Compressive strength of lime-stone was changed with change in geographical location and depth of strata. Minimum and maximum strength of lime stone was 2.15 N/mm2 and 5.56 N/mm2. Minimum and maximum strength of burnt clay brick was 2.91 N/mm2 and 2.91 N/mm2.Fluctuation in the compressive strength of burnt clay bricks was lesser than that of lime-stones. Minimum and maximum strength of CLC blocks was 3.95 N/mm2 and 4.51 N/mm2.Fluctuation in the compressive strength of CLC blocks was lesser than that of lime-stones and burnt clay bricks. It showed excessive deformation under compressive stress. So it is suitable only for frame structures. After year 2001, earthquakes are frequently occurring in Saurashtra region. So people of this region are adopting frame structures instead of load bearing structures. In any frame structure if weight of masonry wall is more then it creates more momentum during earthquake, so the masonry wall should be kept light weight. For this aspect the use of CLC blocks is increasing in Junagadh region.
Post: #2
The term building minerals is used to describe all the minerals and rocks used by the construction industry, for example, in road construction, in housing construction and as railroad ballast. The largest component of construction minerals and the most bulky materials extracted in India are "aggregates", a term used to describe granular or particulate material that is suitable for use alone or with a binder such as cement, lime or bitumen, under construction as concrete. The two main types of aggregates are crushed rocks (limestone, igneous rock and sandstone) and sand and gravel.

The stone of dimension was for centuries the main supporting material of buildings, bridges, port works, etc., a function now widely assumed by concrete and steel. The common building stones are massive granite and sandstones and limestones, which can be extracted into large rectangular blocks free of internal fractures, without producing an undue proportion of waste fragments. High compressive and shear strengths are required for load bearing structures. A wide variety of porphyritic igneous rocks, marbles, tuffs, fossiliferous limestones and travertines are used as decorative stone for claddings, pavements and interior walls. The slate, characterized by a closely spaced division developed by crustal tensions, which facilitates the separation of thin layers, is a traditional roofing material. The volume and weight of dimension stone required for major construction sites require easy transportation from the quarry to the construction site.

The most durable building stones used as both aggregate and dimension stone are granites and similar plutonic rocks with massive texture, low porosity and stable minerals. Sandstones, especially those with calcareous cement, are subject to the effects of water permeation, and limestones to solution and reaction on a larger scale. Despite these disadvantages, the limestones have provided some of the most beautiful building materials.
 

Marked Categories : sandstones are used for building material, clc bricks in junagadh, selection of material building construction,

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